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Windows Remote Desktop Vulnerabilities (Seven Monkeys) – How to Detect and Patch

In the August 2019 Patch Tuesday release, Microsoft disclosed 7 RDP Vulnerabilities, out of which 4 are labeled as critical and 3 as important. All the critical vulnerabilities exist in Remote Desktop Services – formerly known as Terminal Services – and do not require authentication or user interaction. To exploit the vulnerabilities, an attacker would need to send a specially crafted request to the target systems Remote Desktop Service via RDP.

The cyber industry has named them as Seven Monkeys pertaining to seven CVEs released. Microsoft has released patches for these vulnerabilities and at least two of these (CVE-2019-1181 & CVE-2019-1182) can be considered “wormable” and equates them to BlueKeep. Of the three “Important” RDP vulnerabilities, one (CVE-2019-1223) is a DoS, and the other two (CVE-2019-1224 and CVE-2019-1225) disclose memory contents. Microsoft update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Remote Desktop Services handles connection requests.

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August 2019 Patch Tuesday – 93 Vulns, 29 Critical, 7 Remote Desktop Vulns, Hyper-V, DHCP, Adobe vulns

Update Aug 13, 2019: Detect and Patch Windows Remote Desktop Vulnerabilities

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 93 vulnerabilities with 29 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 29 Critical vulns, 10 are for scripting engines and browsers, 6 for Windows Graphics/Font Library, and 4 are for Office apps. In addition, Microsoft has patched 4 (!) Critical RCEs in Remote Desktop (plus 3 Important), 2 for Hyper-V, 2 in DHCP Client/Server, and one for LNK files. Adobe has also released a large number of patches covering multiple products.

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July 2019 Patch Tuesday – 77 Vulns, 15 Critical, DHCP RCE, Exploited PrivEsc, SQL, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 77 vulnerabilities with 15 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 15 Critical vulns, 11 are for scripting engines and browsers, with the remaining four covering DHCP Server, GDI+, .NET Framework, and Azure DevOps Server / Team Foundation Server. In addition, Microsoft has released Important patches for two actively exploited privilege escalation vulnerabilities, as well as a SQL Server RCE. Microsoft also issued two advisories for Outlook on the web and Linux Kernel vulnerabilities. Adobe issued patches today for Bridge CC, Experience Manager, and Dreamweaver.

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Exim MTA Vulnerability (The Return of the WIZard – CVE-2019-10149)

Last week, Qualys issued a security advisory for a vulnerability we discovered during a code review of Exim. This vulnerability can lead to Remote Command Injection, and is currently being actively attacked in the wild. This blog will show you how to quickly identify assets that are impacted by this vulnerability.

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June 2019 Patch Tuesday – 88 Vulns, 21 Critical, Hyper-V Escape, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 88 vulnerabilities with 21 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 21 Critical vulns, 17 are for scripting engines and browsers, and 3 are potential hypervisor escapes in Hyper-V. The remaining vulnerability is an RCE in the Microsoft Speech API. Microsoft also issued guidance on Bluetooth Low Energy FIDO keys, HoloLens, and Microsoft Exchange. Adobe issues patches today for Flash, ColdFusion, and Campaign.

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Windows RDP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (BlueKeep) – How to Detect and Patch

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday included a very high-risk vulnerability (CVE-2019-0708, aka BlueKeep) in Remote Desktop that impacts Windows XP, Windows 7, Server 2003, Server 2008, and Server 2008 R2. This vulnerability allows an unauthenticated attacker (or malware) to execute code on the vulnerable system. It is very likely that PoC code will be published soon, and this may result in a WannaCry-style attack.

Microsoft has not only released patches for Windows 7, Server 2008 & R2, but also has taken the extra step to issue patches for Windows XP and Server 2003. Patch now!

UPDATE: Network Level Authentication (NLA) partially mitigates this vulnerability. QID 90788 (Microsoft Windows Network Level Authentication Disabled) can be used to find hosts that have NLA disabled. This forces the attacker to have valid credentials in order to perform RCE.

UPDATE: A new remote (unauthenticated) check was released under QID 91541. See below for details.

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May 2019 Patch Tuesday – 79 Vulns, 22 Critical, RDP RCE, MDS Attacks, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 79 vulnerabilities with 22 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 22 Critical vulns, 18 are for scripting engines and browsers. The remaining 4 are remote code execution (RCE) in Remote Desktop, DHCP Server, GDI+, and Word. Microsoft also released guidance on the recently disclosed Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) techniques, known as ZombieLoad, Fallout, and RIDL. Adobe’s Patch Tuesday includes patches for vulnerabilities in Flash, Acrobat/Reader (83 vulnerabilities!) and Media Encoder.

UPDATE May 15: Microsoft has also issued Remote Desktop patches for Windows XP and Server 2003.

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April 2019 Patch Tuesday – 74 Vulns, 16 Critical, 2 Actively Attacked, 1 PoC Exploit, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 74 vulnerabilities, with 16 labeled as Critical. Eight of the Critical vulns are for scripting engines and browser components, impacting Microsoft browsers and Office, along with another 5 Critical vulns in MSXML. Two Critical remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities are patched in GDI+ and IOleCvt. Two privilege escalation vulns in Win32k are reported as Actively Attacked, while another in the Windows AppX Deployment Service has a public PoC exploit.

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March 2019 Patch Tuesday – 65 Vulns, 18 Critical, RCEs in DHCP Client, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 65 vulnerabilities, with 18 of them labeled as Critical. Thirteen of the Critical vulns are for scripting engines and browser components, impacting Microsoft browsers and Office. Three remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities are patched in the Windows DHCP Client, as well as an RCE vuln in Windows Deployment Services TFTP Server and Privilege Escalation in Microsoft Dynamics 365. Adobe’s release is light, with only two CVEs patched in Photoshop CC and Digital Editions.

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February 2019 Patch Tuesday – 74 Vulns, 20 Critical, Exchange 0-day, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday is very large, with 74 vulns being addressed of which 20 are labeled as critical. Fifteen of these critical vulns are in the Scripting Engine and browsers, with the remainder being GDI+, SharePoint, and DHCP. Microsoft also issued an Advisory for an Exchange 0-day, along with a patch for one of the two reported vulns. Adobe also released updates for Acrobat/Reader, Flash, Coldfusion, and Creative Cloud.

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