WannaCry rears its ugly head again. Reddit gets hacked, despite using two-factor authentication. A cryptojacking campaign targets carrier-grade routers. Here are some recent security industry news that have caught our attention.
WannaCry hits Taiwan Semi
The notorious WannaCry ransomware re-appeared recently, when Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, a chip supplier to Apple and other smartphone makers, suffered an infection that dented its operations.
Specifically, the ransomware disrupted chip production to a point that will delay shipments and cut revenue in the third quarter, although no confidential data was compromised, the company said.
According to Sophos’ Naked Security blog, the chip maker, which is Taiwan’s largest company, blamed the incident on a careless supplier that installed software infected with a WannaCry variant on its network. “When the virus hit, it spread quickly, affecting production at semiconductor plants in Tainan, Hsinchu and Taichung,” Naked Security’s Lisa Vaas wrote.
Of course, WannaCry can be avoided altogether by patching vulnerable systems, as Ben Lovejoy reminds us in 9to5Mac.
That’s the major lesson from last year’s WannaCry global rampage, which infected 300,000-plus systems, disrupting critical operations globally. Long before WannaCry erupted in May of last year, organizations should have patched the vulnerability that the ransomware exploited. Now they’ve had more than a year to fix it.
As a reminder, Qualys has a full set of QIDs and capabilities for dealing with WannaCry. Learn more about how we can help:
Another major organization that fell victim to ransomware recently was the PGA of America, which found itself scrambling to deal with the attack while getting ready to host major golf tournaments in the coming weeks.
More information about the TSMC infection:
2FA a factor in Reddit hack
An alarming hack of Reddit, the uber-popular news aggregator and discussion forum, has put the spotlight on a type of two-factor authentication (2FA).
Hackers accessed confidential information after breaking into several Reddit employee accounts that were protected by SMS-based authentication. This means that after employees logged into their work accounts, they had to enter a numeric code that Reddit texted to their phones.
Well, hackers were able to not only snatch the employee passwords, but also intercept that code. “SMS-based 2FA has been frowned upon in recent years, as attacks have become more common,” wrote independent security analyst Graham Cluley.
While other 2FA methods have proven more secure, people should still use the SMS method if it’s the only one available, because it’s better than using only a password, according to Cluley.
During the June breach, hackers accessed Reddit databases, logs, usernames and their related email addresses, encrypted passwords, source code, and employee files.
The company is also catching flak from a number of security and privacy experts who say it hasn’t done enough to notify and assist potentially affected members, especially those whose anonymity might have been compromised.
MicroTik routers compromised for cryptomining
Yet another reminder to patch critical vulnerabilities on a timely fashion: A large-scale cyrptojacking campaign exploited a known vulnerability in MicroTik routers, potentially compromising hundreds of thousands of the networking devices. MicroTik had issued a patch for the bug back in April.
The exploit targets the routers’ Winbox utility and lets the attacker read files from the device, explained TrustWave security researcher Simon Kenin. “The bottom line is that using this exploit you can get unauthenticated remote admin access to any vulnerable MikroTik router,” he wrote.
The attacker then used compromised devices to inject the CoinHive cryptominer script into every web page users visited. Large ISPs and enterprises use hundreds of thousands of these routers globally, according to Kenin.
“The attacker wisely thought that instead of infecting small sites with few visitors, or finding sophisticated ways to run malware on end user computers, they would go straight to the source; carrier-grade router devices,” Kenin wrote.
As we’ve reported before, cryptomining has become all the rage among hackers, who are aggressively breaching networks and infecting devices — PCs, IoT systems, smartphones, servers — to steal computing power for mining virtual currencies. Between September and January, the number of websites hosting cryptomining scripts — knowingly or not — spiked 725%, Cyren Security Lab said recently.
Recognizing how critical this problem has become, Qualys’ Malware Research Labs recently released Qualys BrowserCheck CoinBlocker, a Chrome extension to detect and block browser-based cryptocurrency mining.
Comcast hardens website after warning
Comcast fixed two website flaws that could expose customers’ personal data, specifically parts of their home address and of their social security numbers.
The flaws, discovered by security researcher Ryan Stevenson, affected the Xfinity customer portal and a signup page for authorized dealers. After being notified, Comcast fixed the issues and said it has yet to find evidence that any data was improperly accessed.
A detailed description on Buzzfeed indicates the issues involved weak website configurations and account verification processes that could be exploited by knowledgeable data thieves.
“An attacker having partial address information and combining it with partial Social Security numbers information is a recipe for disaster,” Jessy Irwin, head of security at Tendermint, told Buzzfeed. “We really need to move away from using those kinds of information.”
Black Hat / DefCon research findings
With Black Hat and DefCon happening last week, here’s a quick roundup of security alerts issued at the events:
- Millions of HP OfficeJet inkjet printers can be easily hacked, giving attackers an opening to breach networks, according to CheckPoint
- Voice authentication, which is increasingly being used, can be spoofed. Here’s related information about Microsoft’s Cortana.
- Critical zero-day vulnerabilities were found by IBM in several smart city systems
- A researcher argued that the MacOS firewall is easy to circumvent
- Medical devices remain woefully vulnerable to hacks
- Several popular portable card scanners were found to contain various vulnerabilities