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Clickjacking: A Common Implementation Mistake Can Put Your Websites in Danger

The X-Frame-Options HTTP response header is a common method to protect against the clickjacking vulnerability since it is easy to implement and configure, and all modern browsers support it. As awareness of clickjacking has grown in the past several years, I have seen more and more Qualys customers adopt X-Frame-Options to improve the security of their web applications.

However, I have also noticed there is a common implementation mistake that causes some web applications to be vulnerable to clickjacking attack even though they have X-Frame-Options configured. In this article, I describe the implementation mistake and show how to check your web applications to ensure X-Frame-Options is implemented correctly.

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Clickjacking: An Overlooked Web Security Hole

Clickjacking is an attack that tricks a web user into clicking a button, a link or a picture, etc. that the web user didn’t intend to click, typically by overlaying the web page with an iframe. This malicious technique can potentially expose confidential information or, less commonly, take control of the user’s computer. For example, on Facebook, a clickjack can lead to an unauthorized user spamming your entire network of friends from your account.

We’ve known about clickjacking, also called “UI redress attacks,” for years now, as they were originally described in 2008 by Robert Hansen and Jeremiah Grossman. There are countermeasures that web sites can implement to protect against clickjacking attacks, such as framebusters, the X-Frame Option and some client-side plug-ins that can be installed in the browser. However, recent studies have shown that web sites may not be taking this vulnerability seriously – or at least they aren’t attempting to protect their web sites from clickjacking.

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