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June 2019 Patch Tuesday – 88 Vulns, 21 Critical, Hyper-V Escape, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 88 vulnerabilities with 21 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 21 Critical vulns, 17 are for scripting engines and browsers, and 3 are potential hypervisor escapes in Hyper-V. The remaining vulnerability is an RCE in the Microsoft Speech API. Microsoft also issued guidance on Bluetooth Low Energy FIDO keys, HoloLens, and Microsoft Exchange. Adobe issues patches today for Flash, ColdFusion, and Campaign.

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Windows RDP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (BlueKeep) – How to Detect and Patch

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday included a very high-risk vulnerability (CVE-2019-0708, aka BlueKeep) in Remote Desktop that impacts Windows XP, Windows 7, Server 2003, Server 2008, and Server 2008 R2. This vulnerability allows an unauthenticated attacker (or malware) to execute code on the vulnerable system. It is very likely that PoC code will be published soon, and this may result in a WannaCry-style attack.

Microsoft has not only released patches for Windows 7, Server 2008 & R2, but also has taken the extra step to issue patches for Windows XP and Server 2003. Patch now!

UPDATE: Network Level Authentication (NLA) partially mitigates this vulnerability. QID 90788 (Microsoft Windows Network Level Authentication Disabled) can be used to find hosts that have NLA disabled. This forces the attacker to have valid credentials in order to perform RCE.

UPDATE: A new remote (unauthenticated) check was released under QID 91541. See below for details.

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May 2019 Patch Tuesday – 79 Vulns, 22 Critical, RDP RCE, MDS Attacks, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 79 vulnerabilities with 22 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 22 Critical vulns, 18 are for scripting engines and browsers. The remaining 4 are remote code execution (RCE) in Remote Desktop, DHCP Server, GDI+, and Word. Microsoft also released guidance on the recently disclosed Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) techniques, known as ZombieLoad, Fallout, and RIDL. Adobe’s Patch Tuesday includes patches for vulnerabilities in Flash, Acrobat/Reader (83 vulnerabilities!) and Media Encoder.

UPDATE May 15: Microsoft has also issued Remote Desktop patches for Windows XP and Server 2003.

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April 2019 Patch Tuesday – 74 Vulns, 16 Critical, 2 Actively Attacked, 1 PoC Exploit, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 74 vulnerabilities, with 16 labeled as Critical. Eight of the Critical vulns are for scripting engines and browser components, impacting Microsoft browsers and Office, along with another 5 Critical vulns in MSXML. Two Critical remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities are patched in GDI+ and IOleCvt. Two privilege escalation vulns in Win32k are reported as Actively Attacked, while another in the Windows AppX Deployment Service has a public PoC exploit.

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January 2019 Patch Tuesday – 47 Vulns, 7 Critical, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday is medium in size, with 47 vulns covered and only 7 labeled as Critical. Twenty-six of the vulns apply to Windows Servers and Workstation operating systems. Two of the Criticals apply to Hyper-V and could lead to RCE on the host system. Microsoft also issued and out-of-band patch in December for Internet Explorer 9 through 11 due to active attacks in the wild. Last week, Adobe also released out-of-band patches for Acrobat and Reader covering two Critical vulns.

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November 2018 Patch Tuesday – 62 Vulns, TFTP Server RCE, Adobe PoC

Microsoft and Adobe LogosThis month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 62 vulnerabilities, with 12 of them labeled as Critical. Out of the Criticals, 8 are for the Chakra Scripting Engine used by Microsoft Edge. A Remote Code Execution vulnerability in Windows Deployment Services’ TFTP server is also addressed in this release. Adobe also patched three Important vulnerabilities this month, although there is a PoC exploit available for Adobe Acrobat and Reader.

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September 2018 Patch Tuesday – 61 Vulns, FragmentSmack, Hyper-V Escape

Microsoft and Adobe LogosIn this month’s Patch Tuesday release there are 61 vulnerabilities patched with 17 Criticals. Out of the criticals, most are browser-related, with the rest including Windows, Hyper-V, and .net Framework. A vulnerability (CVE-2018-8475) in Windows’ image parsing has been publicly disclosed, in addition to a vulnerability (CVE-2018-8457) in the Scripting Engine.

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July Patch Tuesday – Critical browser patches, Lazy FP, Exchange, Adobe vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday is medium in weight, with 54 CVEs containing 17 Criticals. All but two of the Critical vulnerabilities are in Microsoft’s browsers or browser-related technologies. An additional speculative execution vulnerability announced in June was patched as well. Adobe has also released patches covering multiple product each with multiple CVEs.

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June Patch Tuesday – New Speculative Store Bypass Fixes, Adobe Vulns

June’s Patch Tuesday is lighter weight compared to previous months.  In all, 51 unique CVEs are addressed, with 11 CVEs marked as Critical. Adobe also released an out-of-band update for a Flash Player vulnerability last week, which is being actively exploited.

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Examining the Current State of Database Security

Considering that database systems hold extremely valuable and sensitive information, one would assume that most organizations would fiercely protect these “crown jewels” with great care. Unfortunately, that is not the case.

Throngs of databases in organizations worldwide are unsafe, at high risk of being breached by malicious hackers, rogue employees and crooked partners. This sorry state of database security puts financial data, customer information, health records, intellectual property treasures and more in grave danger.

Below we’ll discuss the two main causes for database security breakdowns — unpatched vulnerabilities and configuration errors — along with helpful tips for reducing the risk of database breaches.

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