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Exim MTA Vulnerability (The Return of the WIZard – CVE-2019-10149)

Last week, Qualys issued a security advisory for a vulnerability we discovered during a code review of Exim. This vulnerability can lead to Remote Command Injection, and is currently being actively attacked in the wild. This blog will show you how to quickly identify assets that are impacted by this vulnerability.

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June 2019 Patch Tuesday – 88 Vulns, 21 Critical, Hyper-V Escape, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 88 vulnerabilities with 21 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 21 Critical vulns, 17 are for scripting engines and browsers, and 3 are potential hypervisor escapes in Hyper-V. The remaining vulnerability is an RCE in the Microsoft Speech API. Microsoft also issued guidance on Bluetooth Low Energy FIDO keys, HoloLens, and Microsoft Exchange. Adobe issues patches today for Flash, ColdFusion, and Campaign.

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Boosting Patch Management Is Key for Breach Prevention

Vulnerabilities that vendors have disclosed and issued patches for remain a major source of breaches. Why? Too many organizations take too long to deploy those patches — or never do.

That was the case with WannaCry. The ransomware exploited Windows vulnerability MS17-010, which Microsoft disclosed in mid-March 2017, rating it “Critical” and issuing a patch for it. The attacks began two months later. It was only then that most affected organizations began to install the patch. When the dust cleared, WannaCry had infected 300,000-plus systems, disrupting critical operations globally.

So why does this baffling problem persist?

As is true for most IT and security challenges, the patch management problem and its solution depend on a combination of the technology being used and of the processes in place.

Read on to learn about patch management best practices, and about Qualys’ new patch management cloud app.

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Windows RDP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (BlueKeep) – How to Detect and Patch

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday included a very high-risk vulnerability (CVE-2019-0708, aka BlueKeep) in Remote Desktop that impacts Windows XP, Windows 7, Server 2003, Server 2008, and Server 2008 R2. This vulnerability allows an unauthenticated attacker (or malware) to execute code on the vulnerable system. It is very likely that PoC code will be published soon, and this may result in a WannaCry-style attack.

Microsoft has not only released patches for Windows 7, Server 2008 & R2, but also has taken the extra step to issue patches for Windows XP and Server 2003. Patch now!

UPDATE: Network Level Authentication (NLA) partially mitigates this vulnerability. QID 90788 (Microsoft Windows Network Level Authentication Disabled) can be used to find hosts that have NLA disabled. This forces the attacker to have valid credentials in order to perform RCE.

UPDATE: A new remote (unauthenticated) check was released under QID 91541. See below for details.

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May 2019 Patch Tuesday – 79 Vulns, 22 Critical, RDP RCE, MDS Attacks, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Microsoft Patch Tuesday addresses 79 vulnerabilities with 22 of them labeled as Critical. Of the 22 Critical vulns, 18 are for scripting engines and browsers. The remaining 4 are remote code execution (RCE) in Remote Desktop, DHCP Server, GDI+, and Word. Microsoft also released guidance on the recently disclosed Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) techniques, known as ZombieLoad, Fallout, and RIDL. Adobe’s Patch Tuesday includes patches for vulnerabilities in Flash, Acrobat/Reader (83 vulnerabilities!) and Media Encoder.

UPDATE May 15: Microsoft has also issued Remote Desktop patches for Windows XP and Server 2003.

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April 2019 Patch Tuesday – 74 Vulns, 16 Critical, 2 Actively Attacked, 1 PoC Exploit, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 74 vulnerabilities, with 16 labeled as Critical. Eight of the Critical vulns are for scripting engines and browser components, impacting Microsoft browsers and Office, along with another 5 Critical vulns in MSXML. Two Critical remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities are patched in GDI+ and IOleCvt. Two privilege escalation vulns in Win32k are reported as Actively Attacked, while another in the Windows AppX Deployment Service has a public PoC exploit.

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March 2019 Patch Tuesday – 65 Vulns, 18 Critical, RCEs in DHCP Client, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday addresses 65 vulnerabilities, with 18 of them labeled as Critical. Thirteen of the Critical vulns are for scripting engines and browser components, impacting Microsoft browsers and Office. Three remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities are patched in the Windows DHCP Client, as well as an RCE vuln in Windows Deployment Services TFTP Server and Privilege Escalation in Microsoft Dynamics 365. Adobe’s release is light, with only two CVEs patched in Photoshop CC and Digital Editions.

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February 2019 Patch Tuesday – 74 Vulns, 20 Critical, Exchange 0-day, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday is very large, with 74 vulns being addressed of which 20 are labeled as critical. Fifteen of these critical vulns are in the Scripting Engine and browsers, with the remainder being GDI+, SharePoint, and DHCP. Microsoft also issued an Advisory for an Exchange 0-day, along with a patch for one of the two reported vulns. Adobe also released updates for Acrobat/Reader, Flash, Coldfusion, and Creative Cloud.

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Qualys Cloud Platform (VM, PC) 8.16 New Features

This new release of the Qualys Cloud Platform (VM, PC), version 8.16, contains several new improvements in Qualys Vulnerability Management and Qualys Policy Compliance, which includes new password security option, increased limit for virtual hosts that can be added to a subscription, added support for Scanning ESXi Hosts on vCenter, and more.

Read on for release highlights.

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January 2019 Patch Tuesday – 47 Vulns, 7 Critical, Adobe Vulns

This month’s Patch Tuesday is medium in size, with 47 vulns covered and only 7 labeled as Critical. Twenty-six of the vulns apply to Windows Servers and Workstation operating systems. Two of the Criticals apply to Hyper-V and could lead to RCE on the host system. Microsoft also issued and out-of-band patch in December for Internet Explorer 9 through 11 due to active attacks in the wild. Last week, Adobe also released out-of-band patches for Acrobat and Reader covering two Critical vulns.

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