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29 posts

Automatically Discover, Prioritize and Remediate Microsoft SMBv3 RCE Vulnerability (CVE-2020-0796) using Qualys VMDR

This month’s Patch Tuesday, Microsoft disclosed a critical “wormable” remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability in Microsoft Server Message Block 3.1.1 (SMBv3) protocol. The exploitation of this vulnerability opens systems up to a ‘wormable’ attack, which means it would be easy to move from victim to victim.

Qualys released a blog post earlier on how to identify SMBv3 vulnerability in your environment:
Microsoft Windows SMBv3 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-0796)

Here we describe how to resolve it with Qualys VMDR®.

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Microsoft Windows SMBv3 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2020-0796)

This month’s Patch Tuesday, Microsoft disclosed a remote code execution vulnerability in SMB 3.1.1 (v3) protocol. Even though initial release of the Patch Tuesday did not mention this vulnerability, details of the issue (CVE-2020-0796) were published accidentally on another security vendor’s blog. Microsoft published security advisory ADV200005  and technical guidance soon after the accidental disclosure of the vulnerability.

UPDATE March 12, 2020: Microsoft updated ADV200005 to include CVE-2020-0796 and released patches for affected Windows systems.

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Identifying Let’s Encrypt Revoked Certificates

Let’s Encrypt is a free, automated, open certificate authority (CA) run for the public’s benefit as a service from the Internet Security Research Group (ISRG). It provides free digital certificates to enable HTTPS (SSL/TLS) for websites via user-friendly means.

Earlier this week, Let’s Encrypt announced that a bug in its validation code forced it to revoke more than 3 million certificates. The bug allowed subscribers (under specific circumstances and for a limited period) to issue certificates to a domain name even after the domain name holder explicitly prohibited the issuance of certificates through the use of DNS CAA.

This blog explains the implications of the incident. It provides details on the impact it can have on organizations utilizing Let’s Encrypt revoked certificates. It outlines steps for remediation and provides a link to Qualys CertView, a free tool that can be used to identify all affected certificates in users’ environments.

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LibMiner: Container-Based Cryptocurrency Miner Targeting Unprotected Redis Servers

Qualys is actively tracking threats which target containers. In our recent analysis, we have identified a few docker instances executing a malware which we term as “LibMiner”. This malware has the capability to deploy and execute Cryptominer. It uses a unique technique for lateral movement across the containers as well as Linux systems, executing on unprotected Redis servers and initiating mining on them. The malware has the ability to protect its termination, thus making it impossible to gain control over it. This blog post uncovers the unique techniques and tactics used by LibMiner.

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Introducing Periscope: Out-of-Band Vulnerability Detection Mechanism in Qualys WAS

Web applications and REST APIs can be susceptible to a certain class of vulnerabilities that can’t be detected by a traditional HTTP request-response interaction.  These out-of-band vulnerabilities are challenging to find but provide a way for attackers to target otherwise inaccessible, internal systems.  An attacker can potentially use this to their advantage.

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Citrix ADC and Gateway Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2019-19781)

Update January 17, 2020: A new detection in Qualys Web Application Scanning was added. See “Detecting with Qualys WAS” below.

Citrix released a security advisory (CVE-2019-19781) for a remote code execution vulnerability in Citrix Application Delivery Controller (ADC) and Citrix Gateway products. The vulnerability allows an unauthenticated remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system. Once exploited, remote attackers could obtain access to private network resources without requiring authentication.

During the week of January 13, attacks on Citrix appliances have intensified. Because of the active attacks and the ease of exploitation, organizations are advised to pay close attention.

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Blue is a color we love but can’t Keep!  

Recent reports this year revealed nearly 1 million computer systems are still vulnerable and exposed to BlueKeep in the wild. These systems are still easy targets for an unauthenticated attacker (or malware) to execute code leveraging this patchable vulnerability. Because so many systems are still vulnerable, Qualys has added its BlueKeep dashboard directly into the product, so you can more easily track and remediate this vulnerability.

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OpenBSD Local Privilege Escalation Vulnerability (CVE-2019-19726)

Qualys Research Labs discovered a local privilege escalation vulnerability in OpenBSD’s dynamic loader. The vulnerability could allow local users or malicious software to gain full root privileges. OpenBSD developers have confirmed the vulnerability and released security patches in less than 3 hours.

Qualys Research Labs also provided proof-of-concept exploits in the security advisory.

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OpenBSD Multiple Authentication Vulnerabilities

Multiple authentication vulnerabilities in OpenBSD have been disclosed by Qualys Research Labs. The vulnerabilities are assigned following CVEs: CVE-2019-19522, CVE-2019-19521, CVE-2019-19520, CVE-2019-19519. OpenBSD developers have confirmed the vulnerabilities and also provided a quick response with patches published in less than 40 hours.

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Streamlining and Automating Compliance

There are seemingly countless regulatory and industry frameworks out there that organizations have to navigate and comply with. SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley), PCI-DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard), GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), and many others that require maintaining a specified baseline of security. Compliance is a challenge in and of itself, but it is increasingly difficult to maintain compliance with accelerated DevOps lifecycles and complex, hybrid cloud environments.

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