A severe vulnerability exists in Apache Tomcat’s Apache JServ Protocol. The Chinese cyber security company Chaitin Tech discovered the vulnerability, which is named “Ghostcat” and is tracked using CVE-2020-1938. The security issue has received a critical severity rating score of 9.8 based on CVSS v3 Scoring system.
Due to a file inclusion defect in the AJP service (port 8009) that is enabled by default in Tomcat, an attacker can construct a malicious request package for file inclusion operation, and then read the web directory file on the affected Tomcat server. If the system allows users to upload files, an attacker can upload malicious code to the server, and gain the ability to perform remote code execution.
The rise of sophisticated attacks combined with the security-skills shortage have driven many organizations to go back to basics and review their processes for vulnerability and patch management. The approach is definitely a winning one, given that shrinking and managing the vulnerability surface makes it harder to target and compromise.
Assessing the attack surface requires strengthening key capabilities, such as increasing visibility across the IT landscape and improving the detection, prioritization and remediation of vulnerabilities at scale. Qualys has been boosting these capabilities for its customers over the last two decades.
Read on to learn how Qualys is addressing enterprises’ patch management challenges with integrated breach prevention that includes its new Patch Management cloud application.
Here’s a stat that shows the importance of prioritizing vulnerability remediation: Almost 30% of the CVEs disclosed in 2017 had a CVSS score of “High” or “Critical.” That works out to about 3,000 such vulnerabilities, or about 58 every week.
Given this large number of severe vulnerabilities, it’s critical for IT and security teams to make a deeper assessment of the risk they represent in the context of their organizations’ IT environment.
If they identify the vulnerabilities that pose the highest risk to their organization’s most critical assets, they’ll be able to prioritize remediation accordingly and eliminate the most serious and pressing threats to their IT environment.
However, as evidenced by the long list of major breaches caused by unpatched vulnerabilities, it’s hard for many businesses, government agencies and not-for-profit organizations to prioritize remediation consistently and accurately.
“One of the big challenges that we have as security professionals is trying to stay on top of our vulnerability management,” Josh Zelonis, a Forrester Research analyst, said during a recent webcast.
Zelonis, who cited the CVE stat during the webcast, said that, according to a 2017 Forrester survey of global businesses, 58% of them experienced at least one breach in the previous 12 months. Among those, 41% of the breaches were carried out by exploiting a vulnerability.
“This is really representative of the problems we’re seeing in the industry with prioritization and getting patches deployed, and this is only increasing,” he said.
“In a post-Equifax world, VM is coming under increased scrutiny,” Zelonis added, alluding to the massive data breach suffered by the credit reporting agency in 2017 after hackers exploited the Apache Struts vulnerability (CVE-2017-5638), which had been disclosed about six months before.
Read on to learn valuable best practices for prioritizing remediation, and how Qualys can help your organization overcome this critical challenge.
In a perfect world, organizations would patch vulnerabilities immediately after they’re disclosed, preemptively blocking exploits and dodging most cyber attacks.
Of course, reality is far from that hypothetically ideal state. Organizations often leave critical vulnerabilities unpatched for months, even years. Hackers routinely feast on all that low-hanging fruit to hijack systems, steal data, deface websites and disrupt operations.
We all know it’s impossible to patch every single vulnerability. Thousands are disclosed every year, and patching systems can be complicated, time-consuming and inconvenient. But InfoSec teams agree that fixing the most dangerous bugs on a timely basis is not only doable but also necessary.
Unsurprisingly, recent Qualys data on patching behavior shows that remediation activity is directly related to the level of risk attached to specific vulnerabilities. And in some cases, specifically when it comes to the realm of IoT devices, patching is always slow, and often non-existent.
As hackers get faster at weaponizing exploits for disclosed bugs, InfoSec teams need — more than ever — automated, continuous and precise IT asset inventorying, vulnerability management, threat prioritization and patch deployment.
Critical vulnerabilities that linger unpatched for weeks or months offer hackers easy opportunities to breach systems. These bugs open the door for bad guys to steal confidential data, hijack PCs, commit financial fraud and create mayhem.
The WannaCry ransomware attack, which infected 300,000-plus systems and disrupted critical operations globally in mid-May 2017, highlighted the importance of timely vulnerability remediation.
If you are an information security professional, you’ve probably experienced vulnerability disclosure overload. We’re referring to that acute sense of feeling burdened that can afflict even the best infosec teams. This ailment strikes when infosec pros grapple with the constant release of vulnerability announcements, amounting to thousands per year.